New Delhi, 09 February 2022: The Ministry of Women and Child Development is administering the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ Act, 2015) which is the primary legislation for ensuring safety, security, dignity and well-being of children. The Act provides for protection of children in need of care and protection and those in conflict with law by catering to their basic needs through care, protection, development, treatment and social re-integration. It defines standards of care and protection to secure the best interest of child.

Under the JJ Act 2015 (Sections 27-30), the Child Welfare Committees have been empowered to take decisions with regard to the children in need of care and protection, keeping their best interest in mind. They are also mandated to monitor the function of the Child Care Institutions (CCIs). Similarly, the Juvenile Justice Boards are empowered to take decisions regarding the welfare of children in conflict with Law (Sections 04-09). At the National and State level, the JJ Act authorizes the National/State Commissions for Protection of Child Rights to monitor the implementation of the Act (Section 109).

Further, the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was constituted in 2007 to ensure protection of rights of all children.

The Ministry is implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, namely, Child Protection Services (CPS) Scheme – Mission Vatsalya to support to States and UT Governments for delivering services for children in need of care and in difficult circumstances including for Child Care Institutions (CCIs), which inter-alia support for age-appropriate education, access to vocational training, recreation, health care, counselling etc.

This information was given by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani, in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.