New Delhi, 19th April 2023: According to the most recent data from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), which was issued today (April 18), India has surpassed China to become the world’s most populated nation, with 2.9 million more people than China.

The population of India is estimated to be 1.4286 billion according to the UNFPA’s “State of World Population Report, 2023” titled “8 Billion Lives, Infinite Possibilities: The Case for Rights and Choices,” compared to China’s population of 1.4257 billion.

With a projected population of 340 million, the United States comes in a distant third. The data is based on knowledge as of February 2023, according to the research.

Since the UN started gathering and publishing demographic figures in 1950, India’s population has never surpassed China’s.

According to the UNFPA research, 25% of India’s population is under the age of 14, followed by 18% of those aged 10 to 19, 26% of those aged 10 to 24, 68% of those aged 15 to 64, and 7% of those over 65.

According to similar figures for China, which are 17%, 12%, 18%, 69%, and 14%, there are around 200 million people in that nation who are over 65.

When it comes to life expectancy, which is 82 for women and 76 for men, China is doing better than India. The statistics for India are 74 and 71, the research states.

Even while the two Asian superpowers will make up more than one-third of the projected 8.045 billion world population, population growth in both has been declining, albeit considerably more quickly in China than in India.

Government statistics show that India’s population has grown by 1.2% annually on average since 2011 as opposed to 1.7% over the previous ten years.

China’s population fell by 850,000 in 2022, the country’s first population loss since 1961.