As per the latest Population Census conducted in 2011, the population of India is 121,08,54,977. Population Census in India is conducted once in ten years.

UIDAI has issued a total of 122.90 crore Aadhaar as on 30.11.2018. This includes 6.71 crore Aadhaar for children below 5 years and 29.02 crore for the age-group 5 to 18 years.

The number of children born within last one year of Census 2011 is 2,08,98,228. As per the latest data available from Sample Registration System, carried out on continuous basis in randomly selected villages and urban blocks throughout the country, birth rate for the year 2016 is 20.4 and death rate is 6.4.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Hansraj Gangaram Ahir in written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.